I'd like to ask why we need cpu modes, and also if being in one cpu mode applies to the entire IC or the cores. (not sure if this behaviour is ISA related. But if so, then in context of the x86 architecture)
By hardware questions I mean things that are really high tech, not like what voltage indicates a 1 or 0 inside a computer. But things that are above the instruction set border. Considering that the computer architecture is something that applies to all operating systems, so it wouldn't be a unix related question.